Encouraging Progress on the State of Obesity in the United States

NJ is taking the lead in these new statistics. Among 2-4 year olds, there is a clear downward trend in obesity. See the CDC statistics: http://stateofobesity.org/wic/ The hard work is paying off. Keep it up! News Report: “Teaming up to reverse childhood obesity has yielded promising results—including new data that shows rates among 2-4 year […]

Summary of “Lowing the Bar on the Low-Fat Diet”

One reason for the failure of low fat diets is that they may increase Physiological adaptations that increase hunger, slow metabolism and prevent ongoing weight loss. However, low fat diets were never intended to increase consumption of simple carbs, but rather fruits/vegetables and whole grains. The low carb diet may attenuate these adaptations and reduce […]

Dietary Fiber and Nutrient Density are Inversely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents

Background Metabolic Syndrome is a label that has been given to a class of risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease and disorders related to metabolism.  Some risks associated with metabolic syndrome include, increased blood pressure, waist circumference (weight in abdomen area), blood sugar, LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) levels and decreased HDL (good cholesterol) levels.  Due […]

Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Glucose Metabolism in Obese Children

Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accounts for the majority of diabetes over widespread ages from childhood to adulthood. Those affected have similar characteristics, such as excessive abdominal body fat, extreme insulin resistance (decreased responsiveness to insulin), and problems with beta-cell function, which are the cells that produce insulin. Another risk factor of obesity is […]

Beneficial Effects of Breast Milk on Intestinal Bacteria in Infants at Risk for Celiac Disease

Background Celiac Disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestine.  Signs and symptoms occur with the consumption of gluten.  Gluten is a protein found in many grains, cereals, and breads.  Gluten consumption can lead to severe damage to the intestinal wall and malabsorption in CD patients. Currently, a strict gluten-free diet is […]

Obesity Associated with Reduced Levels of Intestinal Microbiota

Background Obesity is an energy disorder and something that more and more of us are becoming familiar with. Obesity is measured using a person’s body mass index (BMI) which is a proportion of a person’s height and weight. Obesity, defined as having a BMI of greater than 30, is related to many health conditions such […]

Weight Loss Increases Vitamin D Status

Background Vitamin D is considered to be a hormone as well as a vitamin. It regulates calcium absorption and is important for bone health. Levels of vitamin D vary based on weight, ethnicity, age, and geography. Lab and epidemiological studies have claimed that vitamin D could be protective against certain cancers and cardiovascular disease. It […]

Influence of Vitamin D Supplementation on Plasma Lipid Profiles: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a wide range of conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels such as veins and arteries. It is the leading cause of death and is also responsible for a high disability rate worldwide. Efforts have been made to research and identify risk factors for atherosclerosis, the hardening and potential […]

Types of Dietary Fat Can Affect the Uptake of Vitamin D Supplementation in the Body

Background Calcium and vitamin D3 are necessary for bone health. Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is poorly soluble in aqueous environments like intestinal lumen. Therefore for it to be absorbed it needs to be solubilized by dietary fat and bile salt. Purpose Some studies have shown that some types of dietary fat like […]

Reduced Sleep Leads to Increased Activation of Brain Areas Sensitive to Food

Background The obesity epidemic in the United States is due to an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Energy balance is controlled by a hormone system. This hormone system transfers information from the body to the brain. A reduction in sleep can affect the hormone system’s control on energy balance. Previous research has found higher […]